Estate Tax Returns
What Is The Federal Estate Tax?
The federal estate tax is a tax placed on your ability to transfer property following your death. Any tax due must be paid before assets can be transferred. The tax assessed will be calculated based upon the fair market value of all assets in your estate, subject to any exemptions or deductions permitted by law.
What Is Considered Part of My Gross Estate?
Assets that are considered part of your gross estate include:
- Real estate
- Business interests
- Insurance policies
- Other tangible assets
Deductions Granted for a Taxable Estate
When attempting to account for all of the assets and interests that make up your gross estate, certain deductions, and even reductions in value, can be taken under federal tax law. These deductions can reduce the total value of the subject to the federal tax. Permissible deductions may include:
- Property that passes to a surviving spouse upon death of the decedent
- Expenses for estate administration
- Mortgages and other debts
- Contributions to qualified charities
Before your federal estate tax can be calculated, you must add back the value of any taxable lifetime gifts. Under the law, if the combined assets of the estate and the prior taxable gifts fall below a designated threshold, a federal estate tax return does not need to be filed. That amount, known as the “exemption equivalency,” is:
- 5,490,000 for those who died in 2017;
- $11,180,000 for those who died in 2018;
- $11,400,000 for those who died in 2019;
- $11,580,000 for those who died in 2020;
- $11,700,000 for those who died in 2021;
- $12,060,000 for those who died in 2022; and
- $12,920,000 for those who died in 2023.
When you hire us to help you with a federal estate tax issue, we will carefully gather all information to determine both the gross value of the estate, as well as any prior taxable lifetime gifts. We will prepare and file the federal estate tax return for you, and will be your advocate with revenue authorities, should any dispute arise. We will carefully review the estate to determine the correct value of assets, as well as the applicable deductions and exemptions.